A Brief Introduction to Gansu

       Gansu, abbreviated as Gan or Long, was named after the initial characters of the two historical cities Ganzhou (today’s Zhangye City) and Suzhou (today’s Jiuquan City). As most part of the province is lying in the west of Longshan Mountain (Liupan Mountain), and it was set as an administrative region of Longyoudao (Longyou, literally the right side of Mountain Long) in the Tang Dynasty, Gansu Province is also called“Long”.

       Located in Northwest China with diverse climates and landforms, Gansu Province is wedged between the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, the Loess Plateau and the Inner Mongolian Plateau. And it crosses three river basins including the Yellow River, Yangtze River and inland rivers. Gansu Province has a population of over 26 million people and covers an area of 454,400 square kilometers, extending 1,655 kilometers from east to west. The capital city, Lanzhou, is geographically located in the center of China.

       Gansu Province enjoys rich culture heritage. Diverse cultures add radiance and beauty to each other here—Silk Road Culture, Yellow River Culture, the Great Wall Culture, and Ancestral Culture. Both the symbol of China Tourism—the Bronze Galloping Horse Treading on a Flying Swallow, and the symbol of the earliest postal service of China—the Painting of Postal Messenger were unearthed in Gansu. Now, there are 2 World Cultural Heritages, 8 Excellent Tourism Cities, 18 National Intangible Cultural Heritages, 8 National Historical and Cultural Cities and Towns,as well as 72 Major Historical and Cultural Sites Protected at the National Level in Gansu.

       Beautiful scenery can be found in Gansu including gobi desert, glaciers, snow mountains, Danxia landform, canyons and Karst caves. In Gansu, there are 1 World Biosphere Reserve, 3 National 5As Tourist Attractions, 3 National Parks, 23 National Forest Parks, 4 National Geological Parks, 9 National Water Parks and 16 National Nature Reserves.

       Gansu has been a multi-ethnic province since ancient times, and now all 56 ethnic groups of China can be found here. There are 16 ethnic minorities having a population of more than 1,000 people, including Han, Tibetan, Hui, Yugur, Tu and Mongolian, etc.. Three unique ethnic minorities, Dongxiang, Yugur and Bao’an, only live in Gansu, enjoying their rich and special folk customs.

       Gansu province is famous for its rich and varied resources for tourism development -- with all kinds of topography resources except oceans and reefs. Gansu is known as the birthplace of Chinese civilization, the museum of natural wonders, the garden of folk customs as well as the favorable destination of leisure tourism.

       Gansu province is a scenery passage in the Silk Road where you can learn about the history, taste the culture, travel the mountains and rivers as well as experience the special folk customs. Welcome to Gansu!


Travel in Gansu
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